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Complex Genomes in Cancer

Bild. Circlize

Fig. 1. The highly complex genome of an osteosarcoma.

Our aim is to develop new treatment strategies for patients with highly aggressive malignancies. To this end, we screen clinical tumor material for disease-causing mutations using deep sequencing technology and we manipulate genes of interest in cancer model systems to understand the true consequences of mutations.

Most high-grade cancers harbor mutations in the TP53 gene together with a massive amount of other mutations and chromosome aberrations. Disruption of the TP53 pathway is a well-known prerequisite for continued proliferation of cells with massively damaged DNA. However, the competitive advantage conferred by such a rearranged genome is largely unknown. This offers one of the most challenging paradoxes in cancer biology: what is required of a cell to not only survive massive genetic damage but also outcompete neighboring cells and present as a malignant tumor?

We study this phenomenon in osteosarcoma, a childhood malignancy that harbors one of the most rearranged genomes in cancer. The majority of osteosarcomas harbour mutations in the TP53 gene, either point mutations or structural variations that separate the promoter region from the coding parts of TP53. To enhance our understanding of the role of TP53 in cancer we focus on the TP53 promoter region – does it represent the gas or the brake pedal?

Selected publications

Disruption of the TP53 locus in osteosarcoma leads to TP53 promoter gene fusions and restoration of parts of the TP53 signalling pathway. Saba KH, Difilippo V, Kovac M, Cornmark L, Magnusson L, Nilsson J, van den Bos H, Spierings DCJ, Bidgoli M, Jonson T, Sumathi VP, Brosjö O, Staaf J, Foijer F, Styring E, Nathrath M, Baumhoer D, Nord KH. The Journal of Pathology doi: 10.1002/path.6219 Online ahead of print. 

Osteosarcomas with few chromosomal alterations or adult onset are genetically heterogeneous. Difilippo V, Saba KH, Styring E, Magnusson L, Nilsson J, Nathrath M, Baumhoer D, Nord KH. Laboratory Investigation 2023;104:100283. 

Inactivation of RB1, CDKN2A, and TP53 have distinct effects on genomic stability at side-by-side comparison in karyotypically normal cells. Andersson N, Saba KH, Magnusson L, Nilsson J, Karlsson J, Nord KH, Gisselsson D. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. 2023;62:93-100.

Loss of NF2 defines a genetic subgroup of non-FOS-rearranged osteoblastoma. Saba KH, Cornmark L, Hofvander J, Magnusson L, Nilsson J, van den Bos H, Spierings DC, Foijer F, Staaf J, Brosjö O, Sumathi VP, Lam SW, Szuhai K, Bovée JVMG, Kovac M, Baumhoer D, Styring E, Nord KH. The Journal of Pathology Clinical Research 2020;6:231-237.

GRM1 is upregulated through gene fusion and promoter swapping in chondromyxoid fibroma. Nord KH, Lilljebjörn H, Vezzi F, Nilsson J, Magnusson L, Tayebwa J, de Jong D, Bovée JVMG, Hogendoorn PCW, Szuhai K. Nature Genetics 2014;46:474-7.

Complete list of publications

PubMed
ORCID: 0000-0002-2397-2254
My profile at the Lund University Research Portal

Networks in academia

Funding

Popular science

Interview with the Swedish Childhood Cancer Fund

Photo. Karolin Hansen Nord

Karolin Hansén Nord, PhD
Associate Professor
Senior Lecturer

Department of Laboratory Medicine
Division of Clinical Genetics
BMC C13

Lund University
SE-221 84 Lund, Sweden

Phone: +46 70 283 18 37
Karolin [dot] Hansen_Nord [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se (Karolin[dot]Hansen_Nord[at]med[dot]lu[dot]se)
Twitter @Karolin_H_Nord

 

Research group members

Foto Linda Magnusson.

linda [dot] magnusson [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se (Linda Magnusson), Laboratory engineer

Jenny 1

jenny [dot] nilsson [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se (Jenny Nilsson), Laboratory engineer

Photo. Karim Saba

karim [dot] saba [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se (Karim Saba), PhD, Researcher
ORCID: 0000-0003-4946-6488

Valeria 1

valeria [dot] difilippo [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se (Valeria Difilippo), PhD student
ORCID: 0000-0002-5965-942X
github.com/ValeriaDifilippo